Biographies of Tragedy and Drama

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was an English playwright, poet, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".


Sophocles was an ancient Greek tragedian. He is best known for his surviving works, including Oedipus Rex, Antigone, and Oedipus at Colonus, which are considered some of the greatest achievements in Western literature.

Arthur Miller

Arthur Miller was an American playwright and essayist, known for his plays such as Death of a Salesman, The Crucible, and A View from the Bridge. He was a prominent figure in American theater and won numerous awards for his work.


Euripides was a tragedian of classical Athens. Along with Aeschylus and Sophocles, he is one of the three ancient Greek tragedians for whom a significant number of plays have survived. His works include Medea, The Bacchae, and Electra.

Tennessee Williams

Tennessee Williams was an American playwright, best known for his plays A Streetcar Named Desire, The Glass Menagerie, and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. His works often explore the conflict between reality and illusion.


Aeschylus was an ancient Greek playwright, often recognized as the father of tragedy. He is best known for his trilogy of tragic dramas, the Oresteia, and is considered one of the founders of Western drama.

Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright, known for his realistic and often controversial dramas. His works, such as A Doll's House, Ghosts, and Hedda Gabler, are considered seminal works of modern drama.

Anton Chekhov

Anton Chekhov was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, known for his plays The Cherry Orchard, Uncle Vanya, and The Seagull. His works are characterized by their depth of characterization and exploration of human nature.

August Wilson

August Wilson was an American playwright, best known for his ten-play series, The Pittsburgh Cycle, which chronicles the African American experience throughout the 20th century. His works include Fences, Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, and The Piano Lesson.

Lorraine Hansberry

Lorraine Hansberry was an American playwright and writer, best known for her play A Raisin in the Sun, which was the first play by an African American woman to be produced on Broadway. Her works often addressed issues of race, class, and identity.